Original Research Article | OPEN ACCESS
Central Bank of Nigeria Prudential Guideline and the Financial Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria

Benson Emmanuel1 Bweseh Benjamin Musa2 Saman Udi Polycarp3

1Department of Banking and Finance, Federal University Otuoke; 2Federal University Wukari Staff School; 3Department of Accounting, Federal University Wukari.

For correspondence:-  Benson Emmanuel   Email: bwesehbenjaminmusa@gmail.com

Received: April 29 2022        Accepted: June 23 2022        Published: 13 August 2022

Citation: Emmanuel B.Musa BB.Polycarp SU. Central Bank of Nigeria Prudential Guideline and the Financial Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. Account Tax Rev 2022; 6(2):47-71 doi:

© 2022 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that uses a funding model which does not charge readers or their institutions for access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which permit unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited..


The study investigates the impact of Central Bank of Nigeria Prudential Guidelines and the Financial Performance of Listed Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria for the period 2008-2019. The proxies for Prudential Guidelines are Capital Adequacy Regulation (CAR), Liquidity Regulation (LR), and Credit Risk Regulation (CRR) while for Financial Performance are Return on Asset (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE) to identify the gaps that underpin the problem under investigation. Secondary data were sourced from the Nigeria Stock Exchange (NSE) factbook for the filter sample of Listed Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) that met some criteria. The study employed multiple regression techniques in analyzing the data that were gathered using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) with Eviews-10. The study revealed that CAR has a negative but insignificant effect on ROA but positively and significantly correlated with the ROE while a negative relationship of LR is 12wsignificant on ROA but insignificant on the ROE, However, a negative relationship of CRR is significant on ROA but insignificant on the ROE of DMBs in Nigeria. The study recommends that the minimum capital requirement of DMBs in Nigeria should be reviewed regularly to ensure it remains at an optimal level, adjust their credit policies to reduce impaired loans and maintain a minimum liquidity requirement of 30%.

Keywords: Prudential guidelines, financial performance, deposit money bank, capital adequacy regulation, liquidity regulation, and credit risk regulation

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